order


order
or|der1 W1S1 [ˈo:də US ˈo:rdər] n
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(for a purpose)¦
2¦(arrangement)¦
3¦(instruction)¦
4¦(controlled situation)¦
5¦(well-organized state)¦
6¦(for food or drink)¦
7¦(for goods)¦
8 be out of order
9 be in order
10 be in (good) working/running order
11¦(social/economic situation)¦
12 be the order of the day
13 the order of things
14 of a high order/of the highest order
15 withdraw/retreat in good order
16 in the order of something/of the order of something
17¦(religious group)¦
18 take (holy) orders
19¦(secret society)¦
20¦(official honour)¦
21¦(money)¦
22 the lower orders
23¦(animals/plants)¦
24¦(computer)¦
25 Order! Order!
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[Date: 1200-1300; : Old French; Origin: ordre, from Latin ordo 'arrangement, group']
1.) ¦(FOR A PURPOSE)¦
a) in order to do sth
for the purpose of doing something
Samuel trained every day in order to improve his performance.
In order to understand how the human body works, you need to have some knowledge of chemistry.
b) in order for/that
formal so that something can happen or so that someone can do something
Sunlight is needed in order for the process of photosynthesis to take place in plants.
2.) ¦(ARRANGEMENT)¦ [U and C]
the way that things or events are arranged in relation to each other, for example showing whether something is first, second, third etc
= ↑sequence in ( ... ) order
The photographs can be viewed in any order.
Make a list of what you have to do, and put them in order with the most important at the top.
in order of importance/priority/preference etc
Students learn the verbs in order of difficulty.
do sth in order
(=do things one after another, according to a plan)
Then they call out our names in order and we answer yes or no.
Your paragraphs are not arranged in a logical order .
My files are in alphabetical order .
in the right/correct order
Replace all the pieces in the correct order.
out of order/in the wrong order
Be careful not to get the cards in the wrong order.
He always shaves his face in the same order , right side, then left.
in reverse order
(=in the opposite order to what is usual)
in descending/ascending order
(=starting with the highest or lowest number)
The leaflet gives details of all the hotels in the area in descending order of price.
3.) ¦(INSTRUCTION)¦ [C usually plural]
an instruction to do something that is given by someone in authority
The captain had to give the order to abandon ship.
I followed your orders to the letter (=I did exactly what you ordered) .
I'm not taking orders from him!
He received a direct order from the President.
She is under strict orders to have a complete rest.
The government obtained a court order requiring the editor to reveal his source.
I've got to take it easy - doctor's orders .
The company cannot be identified by order of the court.
4.) ¦(CONTROLLED SITUATION)¦[U]
a situation in which rules are obeyed and authority is respected
the breakdown of law and order
The riots are a threat to public order .
keep order/keep sb in order
(=stop people from behaving badly)
The physics teacher couldn't keep order in any class.
She had trouble keeping her teenage sons in order.
The army was called in to restore order .
5.) ¦(WELL-ORGANIZED STATE)¦[U]
a situation in which everything is controlled, well organized, and correctly arranged
Let's have some order in here.
You need to put your financial affairs in order .
She keeps her room in good order .
6.) ¦(FOR FOOD OR DRINK)¦
a) a request for food or drink in a restaurant or bar
The waiter took our orders .
last orders
BrE (=the last time you can order a drink before a bar closes)
Last orders now please!
b) the food or drink you have asked for in a restaurant or bar
When our order finally arrived we were very hungry indeed.
7.) ¦(FOR GOODS)¦
a) a request by a customer for a company to supply goods
Goods will be sent within 24 hours of receiving your order .
You can always cancel your order if you change your mind.
The government has placed an order for (=asked a company to supply) new weapons.
Please complete the enclosed order form .
on order
(=asked for, but not yet received)
My bicycle is on order.
make/supply sth to order
(=produce something especially for a particular customer)
They make hand-made shoes to order.
b) goods that you have ordered from a company
Your order has arrived - you can collect it from the store any time.
8.) be out of order
a) if a machine or piece of equipment is out of order, it is not working
The phone is out of order again.
b) BrE informal if someone's behaviour is out of order, it is unacceptable
American Equivalent: out of line
c) to be breaking the rules in a committee, court, parliament etc
The MP's remarks were ruled out of order.
9.) be in order
a) if something is in order, it is correct or right
Everything is in order.
b) to be a suitable thing to do or say on a particular occasion
I hear congratulations are in order.
c) if an official document is in order, it is legal and correct
Is your passport in order?
d) if something that you do is in order, it is allowed by the rules in a committee, court, parliament etc
10.) be in (good) working/running order
in good condition or working well
She keeps her bicycle in good working order.
11.) ¦(SOCIAL/ECONOMIC SITUATION)¦ [singular]
the political, social, or economic situation at a particular time
social/political order
He called the rioters a threat to the social order.
The people of South Africa wanted a new order .
He dared to challenge the established (=traditional) order .
12.) be the order of the day
a) to be suitable for a particular occasion or situation
Casual clothes are the order of the day.
b) to be very common at a particular time - used especially when you disapprove of something
Sexual explicitness is the order of the day.
13.) the order of things
the way that life and the world are organized and intended to be
People accepted the class system as part of the natural order of things .
14.) of a high order/of the highest order also of the first order
of a very good kind or of the best kind
an achievement of the highest order
15.) withdraw/retreat in good order
to move away from the enemy in war in an organized way
16.) in the order of sth/of the order of sth also on the order of sth
AmE a little more or a little less than a particular amount, especially a high amount
= ↑approximately
a figure in the order of $7 million
17.) ¦(RELIGIOUS GROUP)¦
a society of ↑monks or ↑nuns (=people who live a holy life according to religious rules)
the Benedictine Order
order of
the order of Jesuits
18.) take (holy) orders
to become a priest
19.) ¦(SECRET SOCIETY)¦
an organization or society whose members meet for secret ceremonies
20.)¦(OFFICIAL HONOUR)¦
a group of people who have received a special official reward from a king, president etc for their services or achievements
the Order of the Garter
21.) ¦(MONEY)¦
an official piece of paper that can be exchanged for money
22.) the lower orders
BrE old-fashioned people who belong to the lowest social class
23.) ¦(ANIMALS/PLANTS)¦ technical
a group of animals or plants that are considered together because they ↑evolved from the same plant or animal
→↑class1 (5), ↑species
24.) ¦(COMPUTER)¦ AmE
a list of jobs that a computer has to do in a particular order
British Equivalent: queue
25.) Order! Order!
spoken used to ask people to stop talking in a meeting or parliament
call sb/sth to order atcall1 (16), set/put your own house in order athouse1 (7), be given/get your marching orders atmarch1 (5), in short order atshort1 (22), under starter's orders atstarter,tall order attall
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COLLOCATES for sense 3
an/the order to do something
give/issue an order
follow/obey orders
take orders from somebody
receive an order
have (strict) orders to do something/be under (strict) orders to do something (=have been told to do something)
court order
doctor's orders (=when the doctor says you must do something)
by order of somebody/on the orders of somebody
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
order 2
order2 W2S2 v
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(ask for food/drink)¦
2¦(ask for goods)¦
3¦(tell somebody to do something)¦
4¦(arrange)¦
Phrasal verbs
 order somebody around
 order somebody<=>out
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(ASK FOR FOOD/DRINK)¦ [I and T]
to ask for food or a drink in a restaurant, bar etc
Anne ordered another glass of wine.
Are you ready to order?
He sat down and ordered a meal .
2.) ¦(ASK FOR GOODS)¦ [I and T]
to ask for goods or services to be supplied
I've ordered a new computer from the supplier.
order sb sth
I'll order you a taxi.
3.) ¦(TELL SOMEBODY TO DO SOMETHING)¦ [T]
to tell someone that they must do something, especially using your official power or authority
The court ordered his release from prison.
'Stay right there,' she ordered.
order sb to do sth
Tom was ordered to pay £300 as compensation.
Her doctor had ordered her to rest for a week.
be ordered back to sth
The soldiers were ordered back to their units.
order that
He ordered that the house be sold.
4.) ¦(ARRANGE)¦ [T]
to arrange something in an order
The list is ordered alphabetically.
order around [order sb around] phr v
to give someone orders in an annoying or threatening way
How dare he order her about like that?
order out [order sb<=>out] phr v
to order soldiers or police to go somewhere to stop violent behaviour by a crowd
The governor decided to order out the National Guard.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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